The Dead Sea

Generaldead sea cosmetics

The Dead Sea, or ?Sea of Salt? (translated from Hebrew) is a large lake with

extremely salty water situated at the border between Israel and Jordan. It

lies in the deepest part of the intercontinental Jordan rift that was formed

several million years ago as a result of disintegration of Eurasia and Africa.

However, the Dead Sea is of a much more humble age — scientists estimate

that it may range from 20 to 40 thousand years, while the lake has

existed in its current outlines for some 5,000 years. The Dead Sea stretches

from the north to the south for more than 70 km; its width reaches 18 km

and it goes as deep as 350 m at certain spots. Since this is a drainless water

body that has no access to the ocean, it is more correct to say that it’s

a lake, not a sea.

Dead Sea

Since recently, the alga has been reared; however, in this case, it loses a part

of its useful properties and active substance concentration decreases.

Biometeorological conditions of the Dead Sea

The Dead Sea lies at a depth of 400 m below the ocean level (this is the lowest

point on earth) in an draftproof basin locked by mountains. This unique

position combined with heavy water and mineral evaporation from the sea

surface resulted in generation of a special ?salt filter? above the basin that

stops hard violet rays. Beaches of the Dead Sea is the only place in the

world where one can take the sun for eight hours a day without a risk to get

severe sunburns. The air there contains a large amount of chlorides and

bromides that produce effect of a twenty-four-hour therapeutic inhalation.

Climate of the Dead Sea is not exposed to huge seasonal and daily temperature

swings. The air and water remain warm virtually the year round.

Even in the coldest month of January, air warms up to 15–20 °C while in

July and August, its temperature reaches 38 °C. Favorable weather conditions

backed up by the soft sun and therapeutic effect of the air, seawater

and sludge muds contribute to the popularity of recreation and treatment at

Dead Sea resorts.


Composition of the Dead Sea water

The Dead Sea has the highest salt content among all natural water reservoirs;Dead Sea

the average salt concentration in water is 33% (for comparison: salt

concentration in the Atlantic Ocean is 3.5% and in the Baltic Sea considered

as the sweetest one — 1% at most).

This high salt content is due to a combination of multiple factors. First of

all, a million years ago, the Dead Sea territory was occupied by Lachon —

a sweet lake whose drying resulted in formation of a huge salt deposit more

than two kilometers thick. At the lake’s southern extremity, it crops out to

form an impressive salty rock named Sodom. Besides, due to hot and dry

weather, the Dead Sea features heavy surface evaporation and even despite

water inflow from the Jordan River that feeds it and a host of mineral

springs, the lake’s level is constantly decreasing while the salt concentration

is increasing. According to observation findings, over the recent 100 years,

the coastline has retreated downwards by 40 m. Some experts believe that

in 700–800 years, the Dead Sea will disappear completely.

The Dead Sea is not only unique due to its high salt content, but also due

to the salt composition. While sodium chloride prevails in waters of other

seas (up to 80%), its share in the Dead Sea does not exceed 30%, but its

waters feature high content of magnesium salts (up to 50%), potassium

and calcium chlorides and trace constituents that are very good for human

health, such as zinc, copper, cobalt and many more. Here, concentration of

bromine known for its soothing effect is 80 times as high as in the Atlantic


Treatment by the Dead Sea

Resorts and health centers of the Dead Sea have much to offer: comprehensive

procedures intended to treat various disturbances, including skin

diseases (psoriasis, eczema, mycotic lesions, vitiligo, etc.), disorders of the

musculoskeletal system (joints, spine, stroke after-effects, posttraumatic

syndrome) and respiratory disturbances (bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis,


Dead Sea cosmetics

Natural salts and muds of the Dead Sea are very often used as an independent

agent — for wraps, applications, baths and peeling. However, they

have much more applications. Wholesome minerals, archaebacteria biomass

and Dunaliella alga extracts are among ingredients of various cosmetic

preparations for facial, body and hair care: creams, scrubs, masks, soap

and shampoos, massage oils. They delicately cleanse skin, smooth out

wrinkles, restore skin tone, improve drainage and blood supply, reactivate

cellular metabolism. Salts and trace elements are used in the manufacture

of professional skin care products that are successfully used by dermatologists

and cosmetologists in the comprehensive treatment of such grave skin

diseases as psoriasis, seborrhea and acne.